Archive for January 30th, 2009

How to Think about Meaning

According to the dominant theory of meaning, truth-conditional semantics, to explain the meaning of a statement is to specify the conditions necessary and sufficient for its truth. Classical truth-conditional semantics is coming under increasing attack, however, from contextualists and inferentialists, who agree that meaning is located in the mind. How to Think about Meaning develops an even more radical mentalist semantics, which it does by shifting the object of semantic inquiry. Whereas for classical semantics the object of analysis is an abstract sentence or utterance such as Grass is green, for attitudinal semantics the object of inquiry is a propositional attitude such as Speaker so-and-so thinks grass is green. Explicit relativization to some speaker S allows for semantic theory then to make contact with psychology, sociology, historical linguistics, and other empirical disciplines. The attitudinal approach is motivated both by theoretical considerations and by its practical success in dealing with recalcitrant phenomena in the theory of meaning. These include: presuppositions as found in hate speech, and more generally the connotative force of evaluative language; the problem of how to represent ambiguity; quotation and the use-mention distinction; and the liar paradox, which appears to contradict truth-based semantics.

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Darwin in London

As well as the major exhibitions celebrating the 200th anniversary of Charles Darwin's birth, there's a host of smaller events around London to mark the occasion: here's our selection
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Thomas Friedman - Hot, Flat and Crowded (audiobook without text)

Thomas L. Friedmanrsquo;s no. 1 bestseller The World Is Flat has helped millions of readers to see globalization in a new way. Now Friedman brings a fresh outlook to the crises of destabilizing climate change and rising competition for energymdash;both of which could poison our world if we do not act quickly and collectively. His argument speaks to all of us who are concerned about the state of America in the global future.

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Cries from the Heart (Oxford Bookworms Stage 2)

Description From Botswana to New Zealand, from Jamaica to Nigeria, from Uganda to Malaysia, from India to South Africa, these moving stories show us that the human heart is the same in every place. Children, wives, mothers, husbands, friends all have the same feelings of fear and pain, happiness and sadness. These eight stories were winning entries in the 2004 Commonwealth Short Story Competition. The writers are Sefi Atta, Adrienne M. Frater, Lauri Kubuitsile, Erica N. Robinson, Jackee Budesta Batanda, Janet Tay Hui Ching, Anuradha Muralidharan, and Tod Collins.  Extra Activities, Answer Key and Audio added by Elissa

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Mike Nelson’s Mind over Matters

Why do some people retain cute baby-talk names for their relatives (like Num-Num and Pee-Paw) well into middle age? How should a reasonable person respond when Olivia Newton-John sings, Have you never been mellow? Who's responsible for the sorry state of men's fashion, and is it the same guy who invented the jerkin? Is there any future in being a Midwesterner? Can you really enjoy your lunch when the restaurant is decorated to look like an African plain? How come women keep dozens of bottles and jars of moisturizers, unguents, and lotions around -- all of them half empty? In more than 50 hilarious all-new essays, one of America's brightest young humorists -- the head writer and on-air host of the legendary TV series Mystery Science Theater 3000 -- finds the fun in all aspects of the human condition, no matter how absurd. Join Mike Nelson on an angst-filled visit to a health spa; shopping sessions at Home Depot and Radio Shack; adventures in the very amateur musical theater; a gut-busting discourse on the history of television; ruminations on his roles as husband, father, and citizen; and much, much more.

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«Good to Great: Why Some Companies Make the Leap… and Others Don’t» by Jim Collins

Making the transition from good to great doesn't require a high-profile CEO, the latest technology, innovative change management, or even a fine-tuned business strategy. At the heart of those rare and truly great companies was a corporate culture that rigorously found and promoted disciplined people to think and act in a disciplined manner. Peppered with dozens of stories and examples from the great and not so great, the book offers a well-reasoned road map to excellence that any organization would do well to consider.

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Management: Tasks, Responsibilities, Practices by P.Drucker

Management: Tasks, Responsibilities, Practices (Classics in Organization and Management Series)

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Веселый английский для детей 2. Новые друзья

Веселый английский для детей 2. Новые друзья Снова Мэри ждут удивительные приключения. А началось все с того, что Мэри пошла в магазин, и случайно встретила своего друга Тома. Ему срочно нужна помощь. Ведь Том не просто необычайно умный мальчик - он настоящий изобретатель! Мэри и ее друга Кролика ожидает большой сюрприз! Ваш ребенок научится разговаривать по-английски и сразу же сможет применить полученные знания. Он не только узнает новые слова, но и научится общаться по-английски - сможет поздороваться, попросить что-то, рассказать о себе и окружающем мире.

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Genova (2008)

A man moves his two daughters to Italy after their mother dies in a car accident, in order to revitalize their lives. Genova changes all three of them as the youngest daughter starts to see the ghost of her mother, while the older one discovers her sexuality.

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Clarendon (****) on Sun Feb 1, 2009 for €82.65

Double. Excluding breakfast. This beautiful, restored Georgian town house is next to the British Museum and close to the West End and the financial district. The restaurant at the Clarendon overlooks the hotel’s private walled garden and offers 24-hour room service. The nearby Russell Square Tube Station is served by the Piccadilly Line, which goes directly to Heathrow Airport terminals.

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